Malware Flash Cards

Define Virus

A computer program containing a malicious segment that attaches itself to an application program or other executable component.

Define Crypto-Malware

A type of ransomware that encrypts user’s files

Define Ransomware

A type of malware that locks your computer or certain data and demands a ransom be paid to unlock those files or computer.

Define Worm

A self-replicating program that propagates itself through a network onto other computer systems without requiring a host program or any user intervention to replicate.

Define Trojan

A useful or seemingly useful program that contains hidden code of a malicious nature that executes when the program is invoked.

Define Rootkit

A rootkit is a malicious software that allows an unauthorized user to have privileged access to a computer and to restricted areas of its software. ( ***Rootkits are generally installed in low levels of the operating system to avoid detection.

Define Keylogger

A program designed to record which keys are pressed on a computer keyboard used to obtain passwords or encryption keys and thus bypass other security measures.

Define Adware

A type of spyware that uses collected information to send targeted advertisement pop ups

Define Spyware

Software that is secretly or surreptitiously installed into a system to gather information on individuals or organizations without their knowledge; a type of malicious code.

Define Bots

A bot or botnet is when a master computer (attacker) has control over several infected computers (users/bots) and are used to spread malware across the internet

Define RAT

Remote Access Tool is a piece of software used to remotely access or control a computer. This tool can be used legitimately by system administrators for accessing the client computers. These tools can also be used by attackers for a malicious purpose.

Define Logic Bomb

A piece of code intentionally inserted into a software system that will set off a malicious function when specified conditions are met.

Define Backdoor

An undocumented way of gaining access to computer system. A backdoor is a potential security risk.